Euphemism

Exercise #2

 

Name

 

 

# missed

 

/28

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modified from Critical Reading Skillsmaster No. 18 from May 143, 1988

 

Directions:

For each of the following euphemisms, write in the more direct word on the blank at the right. (5)

 

1.

A pre-owned or experienced automobile is a euphemism for a

 

 

 

 

2.

A mixed-breed canine is a euphemism for

 

 

 

 

3.

Dentures is a euphemism for

 

 

 

 

4.

A sanitary landfill is a euphemism for a

 

 

 

 

5.

Participating in revenue enhancement is a euphemism for

 

 

 

Directions:

Match the euphemistic term on the right to its blunt term on the left by putting the letter of the term on the blank. (10)

 

 

1.

drug addict

a.

pacification

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

higher taxes

b.

certified adolescent transportation

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

underdeveloped country

c.

negative patient-care outcome

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

late-night flight

d.

chemically dependent person

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

war

e.

emerging nation

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

ambitious people

f.

moonlight special

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

guerrillas

g.

unauthorized withdrawal

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.

school-bus driver

h.

freedom fighters

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

death at hospital

i.

the upwardly mobile

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

bank holdup

j.

revenue enhancement

 

Directions:

Rewrite each of these long-winded phrases into plain English. (5)

 

 

1.

I am desirous that you effectuate a cessation of your locomotion.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

At this point in time we are in receipt of your correspondence.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

The accident has impacted upon our capability to embark on an implementation process.

 

 

 

 

 

 

- - - turn over - - -

 

 

 

4.

Please articulate your feedback by finalizing your judgment in the affirmative or in the negative.

 

 

 

 

 

5.

After interfacing verbally, we concurred on a policy of utilizing a viable alternative.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Propaganda

any deliberate--often misleading--selection of facts, statistics, or words to promote oneís own cause

 

Directions:

Write in the letter of each propaganda technique for the following statements. Some statements use more than one. The *ís determine how many times that is used as an answer. (8)

 

a.

rationalization

b.

testimonial

c.

cultural bias/sterotype

d.

personal attack * *

e.

black or white

f.

bandwagon

g.

sweeping generalization

 

 

1.

Itís okay if I cheat on tests. My parents insist on good grades and I have to keep them happy.

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Donít waste your vote on Stella Jones for mayor. Sheís had four husbands and a facelift.

 

 

 

 

 

3.

I wouldnít travel in the Middle East for anything. Theyíre all a bunch of murderous terrorists.

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Hi. Michael Jordan here to talk to you about Nike sneakers.

 

 

 

 

5.

But all kids wear Nikes. Please, Mom, donít make me wear this old junk.

 

 

 

 

6.

How dare you lecture me about right and wrong! You donít even go to church.

 

 

 

 

7.

You really want lasting peace in the world? Then nuke China, Russia, and Iran, once and for all.

 

 

 

 

 

8.

Thereís not a kid living who knows what an honest dayís work is.